CBD vs THC
Although there are many compounds found in the marijuana plant, CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are the two most common. Even though they’re derived from essentially the same place, CBD and THC are very different.
A common misconception about CBD is that it will get you high. It won’t. The chemical makeup of CBD is different from that of THC. So, the psychoactive properties of THC do not come through in CBD.
Properties and Extraction of THC
THC is a psychoactive compound found in the marijuana plant. It has mind-altering effects when ingested. THC’s properties include:
It is most often used for its euphoric, relaxing, and psychoactive effects.
Properties and Extraction of CBD
CBD is a non-psychoactive chemical extracted from the hemp plant as an oil. It can actually reverse the “high” effects that come from THC because it does not bind to the CB1 receptors in our brains. CBD is a phytocannabinoid that interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in our cells. Its properties include:
Because it does not cause the typical “high” that is caused by THC, CBD is used for its pain and anxiety-relieving effects and as a medical treatment drug.
Legal Status of CBD and THC
CBD is still classified, federally, as a schedule 1 drug—meaning it has the potential for abuse and addiction—because it comes from the marijuana plant. Schedule 1 drugs are not permitted for medical use.
However, since the discovery of CBD as a legitimate way to treat medical problems, more and more states are approving the use of CBD for medical reasons. Depending on the state, there are requirements and conditions that must be followed.
Extracting CBD and THC
Usually, CBD is extracted from CBD-rich strains of cannabis, while THC is extracted from strains that are known to be THC-rich. Pretty straightforward, right? The main difference is that CBD is often taken from hemp plants, which contain little to no THC, so that they don’t have to worry about separating out the CBD from the psychoactive compounds.
How Do You Take CBD and THC?
You can smoke CBD or THC, you can vape it, or you can use edibles. There are other methods, but these are the most common. It all comes down to personal preference and the effects that you’re looking for. There’s something for everyone!